​Biology Undergraduate

100-level courses 200-level courses 300-level courses 400-level courses

 

BIOL 100 (4) Our Natural World
Introductory course designed for students not majoring in science. Focuses on basic biological principles with special emphasis on the human species. Includes scientific problem solving, biodiversity, human and social aspects of biology, ecology, cellular processes and organ function, human reproduction, pre-natal development, and heredity. Lecture, laboratory, and small group discussions.
Fall, Spring
GE-3

BIOL 101 (2-4) Biological Perspectives
Students focus on specic biological perspectives, including environmental science, biology of women, biotechnology, human heredity, etc. May be repeated for credit under different sub-titles. Fall, Spring BIOL 102 (3) Biology of Women An introduction to biological topics of special interest to women with emphasis on anatomic and physiologic changes over the course of a woman’s lifetime. Designed for students not majoring in science. Presents fundamental biologic concepts within this specialized context and provides opportunity to collect, evaluate, and analyze data.
Fall, Spring
GE-3

BIOL 103W (3) Introduction to Biotechnology
An introductory course designed for students not majoring in science. Focuses on basic biological principles as applied to biotechnology. Includes basic natural science principles, scientic problem solving, and human and social aspects of biotechnology. Lecture, laboratory, and small group discussions.
Fall
WI, GE-3

BIOL 105 (4) General Biology I
Study of biological processes at the suborganismal level including cell chemistry, metabolism, reproduction, genetics, and complex tissue physiology. Laboratory and discussion sessions stress problem solving and experimental design. Fall, Spring GE-3 BIOL 105W (4) General Biology I Study of biological processes at the suborganismal level including cell chemistry, metabolism, reproduction, genetics, and complex tissue physiology. Laboratory and discussion sessions stress problem solving and experimental design.
Fall, Spring
WI, GE-3

BIOL 106 (4) General Biology II
Study of biological processes at the organismal level including a survey of life forms (viruses, bacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals), their evolution, and ecology. Laboratory and discussion sessions stress problem solving and experimental design.
Pre: BIOL 105
Fall, Spring

BIOL 175 (1) Orientation to Clinical Laboratory Science
An introduction to the health care profession with special emphasis on clinical laboratory personnel. Course includes presentations by professionals in some of the major health care ields, especially medical technology. Includes lectures, eld observations.
Spring

return to the top of this page.

 

BIOL 211 (4) Genetics
Introduction to genetic analysis. Topics covered include those both classical and modern genetics: population genetics, molecular genetics, genetic manipulation of organisms and selection. Central to this course will be the primacy of the trait as the object of genetics and the development/renement of the concept of the gene. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and MATH 112
Fall, Spring, Summer

BIOL 215 (4) General Ecology
Principles of the study of relationships between organisms and the environment. Topics include low of energy and materials, organism-level interactions, growth and evolution of populations, and community ecology. Field trips to prairie, lake, stream, and forest communities, training in data collection and analysis, use of equipment, and report writing. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106 or consent
Fall

BIOL 217 (4) Plant Science
Biology of plants including unique features of plant cells, life histories, metabolism, anatomy, physiology, and ecology. The course empathizes plants’ remarkable adaptations to their environments, their diversity, and the vital roles they play in ecological interactions. For biology and environmental science majors and minors. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106 or consent
Spring

BIOL 220 (4) Human Anatomy
Systems approach to the structure of the human body. The course is designed for students majoring in biology or health related programs. Lab included.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 270 (4) Microbiology
An introduction to the general principles and methods used in the study of microorganisms. Lab included.
Pre: One BIOL course and one semester of chemistry from among CHEM 104, CHEM 106, CHEM 111, or CHEM 201
Fall, Spring, Summer
GE-3

BIOL 283 (1) MAX Scholar Seminar
This class provides MAX scholars with an opportunity to explore a set of topics related to achieving success in academic, professional and personal realms. Speakers will include faculty, graduate students, visiting researchers and industry members as well as student participants. NOTE: Credit does not apply to any major.
Pre: Recipient of a MAX scholarship or instructor consent.
Fall, Spring

return to the top of this page.

 

BIOL 301 (2) Evolution
Evolution is a unifying theory of biology. Students are provided the history of evolutionary thought and the Darwinian revolution, evidence for evolution, mechanics of evolution, and an array of special topics such as speciation, molecular evolution, conservation, and extinction. Readings will include book chapters and journal articles. Lecture/discussion.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 211
Spring

BIOL 310 (4) Basics of Human Physiology
Principles of functions of human cells, organs, and systems with an emphasis on organ/system interactions. Designed for majors that do not require a strong medical and research emphasis. Includes an active learning laboratory to facilitate learning the complex lecture material.
Pre: BIOL 220, CHEM 104 or CHEM 106 or CHEM 111 or CHEM 201
Fall, Spring, Summer

BIOL 316 (3) Animal Diversity
A comprehensive phylogenetic survey of both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Emphasis on evolutionary relationships among phyla, the evolution of organ systems, animal organization and function, animal adaptations, and zoogeographical considerations. Research and inquiry of animal unity and diversity will include using the Internet. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106
Fall

BIOL 320 (4) Cell Biology
An examination of eukaryotic cellular structure, organization and physiology. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106, BIOL 211
Fall

BIOL 324 (3) Neurobiology
Basic anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. The course is designed for students majoring in biology, psychology or health related programs.
Pre: BIOL 220
Fall

BIOL 330 (4) Principles of Human Physiology
Principles of functions of human cells, organs, and systems with an emphasis on organ/system interactions. This course is designed for students majoring in biology, chemistry, or related sciences, and medically-related areas. Includes a laboratory with a research and medical emphasis.
Pre: BIOL 220, CHEM 104 or CHEM 106 or CHEM 111 or CHEM 201
Fall, Spring, Summer

BIOL 380 (3) Blood Banking/Urinalysis
Basic understanding of the principles of immunohematology applied to the area of blood blanking including major blood group systems, principles for antigen/ antibody detection and identication, donor blood collection, transfusion evaluation, theory of renal function in health and disease, specimen collection, handling, and processing, and components of routine urinalysis.
Spring

return to the top of this page.

 

BIOL 402 (4) Stream Ecology
The structure and function of stream ecosystems are presented with emphasis on adaptations of organisms to stream life and connections between stream organisms, the aquatic environment, and the surrounding watershed. Includes lab, field work, and team projects.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215 or consent
Summer

BIOL 403 (3) Conservation Biology
Applications of principles from ecology, genetics, behavior, demography, economics, philosophy, and other elds to the conservation and sustainable use of natural populations of plants and animals. Lectures and discussions address topics such as habitat fragmentation, parks and reserves, genetic diversity, population viability, and extinction.
Pre: BIOL 215 or consent
Spring

BIOL 404 (4) Wetlands
To provide students the values and functions of wetlands and to use wetlands as an example of the relationship of ecology to management, and the impact that classication systems have politically. Lab (fieldwork) included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215, or consent
Spring

BIOL 405 (3) Fisheries Biology
An introduction to fish biology and fisheries management, diversity, form and function in the aquatic environment, functional physiology, evolution and speciation, identication and use of keys, ecology, and management topics.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215, or consent of instructor
ALT-Fall

BIOL 408 (4) Vertebrate Ecology
A field course in the ecology of birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and shes. Students are trained in sampling techniques such as mark-and-recapture, population size estimation and monitoring, and species identication of live and preserved specimens. Lectures encompass evolution and adoption, origins, energetics, mating systems, morphology, geographical distributions, and populationlevel phenomena. Lecture and Laboratory.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215 or consent
Fall

BIOL 409 (4) Advanced Field Ecology
A field course focused on the function and dynamics of various North American ecosystems. Emphases will be on natural history, critical thought, and experimental design. Students will be trained in a variety of soil, plant, and animal sampling techniques. Depending on enrollment, there may be additional costs (e.g., camping fees) for the course.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215 or consent
Spring

BIOL 410 (3) Global Change Biology
This class examines the effects of natural and human-induced changes in climate on terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The course focuses on the science behind global change issues that have biological, social, and economic implications.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215 or consent
Fall

BIOL 412 (4) Soil Ecology
Soil ecology will focus on the genesis and classication of soils, the physical properties of soil as they relate to habitat formation, niches, interactions that exist among soil organisms, human impact on soil systems relative to population pressures and management practices. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215, or consent
Spring

BIOL 417 (3) Biology of Aging and Chronic Diseases
Emphasis is placed on the biomedical aspects of aging and chronic disease. The course is designed for students majoring in biology, gerontology programs, or other health related programs.
Pre: BIOL 100 or BIOL 105
Fall, Spring

BIOL 419 (2-3) Special Topics in Instrumentation
Instruction in specialized biological instrumentation.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106
Fall

BIOL 420 (3) Diagnostic Parasitology
Clinically important parasites. Protozoans, Flukes, Tapeworms, Roundworms, Ticks, Mites and Insects. Designed for Medical Technology, Pre-Med, Pre-Vet and Biology majors. Identiication, clinical disease, epidemiology and ecology are covered. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 100 or BIOL 105, BIOL 106 recommended
Spring

return to the top of this page.

BIOL 421 (3) Entomology
Morphological, physiological, medical, and economic signicance of insects.
Pre: BIOL 105 and BIOL 106 or consent
ALT-Fall

BIOL 424 (3) Developmental Biology
Understanding the process of cell differentiation and development. These principles are then applied to the descriptive study of human embryology including the basis of congenital malformations.
Pre: BIOL 100 or BIOL 105
Fall

BIOL 425 (1) Development Biology Lab
Biology 425 is an optional 1-credit laboratory in addition to Developmental Biology, Biology 424. In the laboratory component, students will be exposed to modern techniques used to examine developmental processes in several key model systems. Laboratory exercises consist of experiments designed to demonstrate fundamental concepts in development and to familiarize students with experimental approaches utilized in studying developmental biology and embryology.
Pre: BIOL 211
Coreq: BIOL 424
Fall

BIOL 430 (4) Hematology/Introduction to Immunology
Collection, examination, evaluation, morphology, function and diseases of blood cells. Hemostasis/coagulation of blood. Immunology theory is presented. Lab included.
Spring

BIOL 431 (3) Comparative Animal Physiology
A comparison of adaptation mechanisms, from cell to organ-system, used by animals in response to “changes in” environmental conditions such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, food availability, temperature, water, solutes, pressure and buoyancy.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106 or consent
Fall

BIOL 432 (4) Lake Ecology
This course is an introduction to the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics and interactions of inland freshwater lakes. Labs will emphasize eld work, including data collection from ve local lakes, analysis, and discussion.
ALT-Fall

BIOL 433 (3) Cardiovascular Physiology
This course is a functional study of the heart and circulatory system.
Fall

BIOL 435 (4) Histology
Study of types, arrangements and special adaptations of human tissues. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 220
Spring

BIOL 436 (4) Animal Behavior
An exploration of behavioral strategy, communication, learning, and social systems of animals, with emphases placed on the causes, evolution, ecological implications, and function of behavior at the individual and population level. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215
Spring

BIOL 438 (3) General Endocrinology
This course provides the basis for understanding hormones and the mechanisms of their actions in both the normal and pathological states. Sample topics to be included are diabetes, osteoporosis, hormones of reproduction and current social and medical issues related to the course.
Pre: BIOL 100 or BIOL 105
Spring

BIOL 441 (4) Plant Physiology
Plant functions such as water relations, mineral nutrition, translocation, metabolism, photosynthesis, photorespiration, fat and protein metabolisms, respiration, growth and development, phytohormones, reproduction and environmental physiology. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 217, one semester organic chemistry recommended.
Spring

BIOL 442 (4) Flora of Minnesota
Field identiication of plants with emphasis on local flora. History systematic, techniques, plant biogeography, methods of plant collection, preservation, preparation of herbarium specimens are covered. Lab and field trips included.

BIOL 443 (4) Plant Ecology
Expands upon general principles of ecology to focus on the factors that regulate the distribution and abundance of plants, analysis of plant populations, and dynamics of plant communities. Lecture and lab (fieldwork) included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 215 or consent. BIOL 217 strongly recommended.
Fall

BIOL 451 (4) Plant Biotechnology
Lecture/laboratory course that presents an integrated view of plant biology, crop science, and current issues in biotechnology. Course focuses on issues of global concern such as sustainable food production, biofuels, genetically modied crops, molecular pharming, and tissue culture.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106
Fall

BIOL 452 (3) Biological Instrumentation
The principle and operation of instruments and their application to biological research. Types of instrumentation examined include spectroscopic, chromatographic, electroanalytic, radiographic, and imaging. Laboratory Information Management systems (LIMS) will also be examined. Emphasis is placed on GLP, GMP, and ISO 9000 practices.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, or consent

BIOL 453 (4) Biological Engineering Analysis I
The application of engineering principles and skills as applied to fermentation and to biological product recovery. Pre: BIOL 270 and one semester each of calculus, physics, and organic chemistry, taken concurrently with BIOL 456.
Fall

BIOL 454 (4) Biological Engineering Analysis II
Continuation of Biological Engineering Analysis I. The application of engineering principles and skills as applied to fermentation and to biological product recovery.
Pre: BIOL 453, taken currently with BIOL 457



BIOL 456 (3) Biotechnology Project/Laboratory I
Practical laboratory experience in biotechnology through the selection and development of a research project. Students are expected to spend an average of 12 hours per week on the project.
Pre: Concurrent enrollment in BIOL 453
Fall

BIOL 457 (3) Biotechnology Project/Laboratory II
Continuation of Biotechnology Project/Laboratory I. Practical laboratory experience in biotechnology through the selection and development of a research project. Students are expected to spend an average of 12 hours per week on the project.
Pre: BIOL 456, taken concurrently with BIOL 454
Spring

BIOL 460 (3) Introduction to Toxicology
A lecture course covering basic principles of toxicity evaluation in living organisms, mechanisms of responses to chemicals or physical agents within an overview of practical medical, environmental and science policy implications. Presentation of comparisons of specic organ and tissue reactions to toxins in a variety of species follow these introductory concepts.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and 1 year of General Chemistry
ALT-Fall

BIOL 473 (3) Virology

Viruses infect all living things, including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. This course will teach Virology by stressing the rules of replication that every virus must follow. The use of viruses as molecular tools, virus-host interactions, and current viral outbreaks will also be discussed.Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and BIOL 270

return to the top of this page.

BIOL 461 (4) Environmental Toxicology
A lecture/laboratory course that focuses on anthropogenic and natural toxicants, mathematical modeling of the dispersion of chemical and physical agents in the environment, effects on species and ecosystems with a special section on aquatic risk assessment. The laboratory includes techniques in environmental toxicity and a genuine research project.
Pre: BIOL 460
ALT-Spring

BIOL 462 (1) Toxicology Seminar
A seminar course that involves critical evaluation of published studies in toxicology, student presentations of a selected published manuscript and requires students to write a paper on one aspect of the course’s topic area that semester. Topic areas vary each time the course is offered.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and General Chemistry
ALT-Fall

BIOL 464 (3) Methods of Applied Toxicology
A lecture/laboratory course focusing on the steps necessary to start a research project from project denition through methods testing and evaluation, and a inal report that includes a project low chart. Third year students will have senior and/or graduate mentors.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and General Chemistry
ALT-Fall

BIOL 465 (3) Applied Toxicology Project
A lecture/laboratory course where students perform all aspects of their own designed research topic in toxicology while critically evaluating the progress of other projects as well. Students will be expected to keep timelines or develop modied timelines as necessary. The inverted triangle approach of project design will be examined and then included in all designs.
Pre: BIOL 464
ALT-S

BIOL 466 (3) Principles of Pharmacology
A lecture course that examines mechanisms of drug action, physiological responses and adverse reactions from sensitivities or allergies through overdose.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and 1 year of General Chemistry
ALT-Spring

BIOL 467 (3) Industrial Hygiene
A lecture course that examines Minnesota State Mankato, as your own work place to develop reports on a selected group of chemical and physical hazards of the workplace. Evaluation methods and solutions to existing problems are developed with concise reporting skills.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and 1 year of General Chemistry
ALT-Fall

BIOL 472 (4) Microbial Ecology and Bioremediation
Role of microorganisms in soil, air, water, sewage processes as well as methods of measurement and detection. Special emphasis on the role of microorganisms in bioremediation. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and BIOL 270
ALT-Spring

BIOL 473 (4) Virology
Viruses infect all living things, including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. This course will teach Virology by stressing the rules of replication that every virus must follow. The use of viruses as molecular tools, virus-host interactions, and current viral outbreaks will also be discussed.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and BIOL 270
ALT-Fall

BIOL 474 (4) Immunology
Fundamental principles of humoral and cell mediated immunity and the application of these principles. Current experimental work in the different areas of immunology will be discussed. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, and BIOL 270
Fall

BIOL 475 (4) Medical Microbiology
This course will cover bacterial, fungal, and viral human pathogens: what diseases they cause, how they cause disease, and how humans defend against and prevent those diseases. In the laboratory the student will isolate and identify pathogenic microorganisms using microbiological, biochemical, and immunological techniques.
Pre: BIOL 270

BIOL 476 (5) Microbial Physiology and Genetics
This course presents the physiology and genetics of microorganisms emphasizing those aspects unique to bacteria and archea. Topics include: energy production; biosynthesis of small molecules and DNA, RNA, and proteins; the formation of cell walls and membranes; microbial differentiation and behavior; and the genetic and biochemical regulation of these processes. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 270
Spring

BIOL 478 (4) Food Microbiology and Sanitation
The role microbes play in production and spoilage of food products, as prepared for mass market. Topics include foodborn pathogens, epidemiology and control, essential principles in sanitation including Hazard Analysis/Critical Control Point and ISO 9000 requirements. Lab included.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106 and BIOL 270
Spring

BIOL 479 (4) Molecular Biology
This course will cover both eukaryotic and prokaryotic molecular biology including: DNA and RNA structure, transcription, regulation of gene expression, RNA processing, protein synthesis, DNA replication, mutagenesis and repair, recombination, and insertion elements. A number of important techniques used in recombinant DNA technology will be discussed and practiced.
Pre: BIOL 105, BIOL 106, BIOL 211
Spring

BIOL 480 (3) Biological Laboratory Experiences for Elementary Teachers
Provides experience with a wide variety of biological laboratory exercises to prepare prospective elementary teachers. Emphasis is on building knowledge, skills, and condence. The course will cover major biological concepts and environmental education through classroom-ready examples selected to illustrate each concept.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 481 (1) Lab Supervision and Maintenance
Experience in maintaining and supervising laboratories. For individuals desiring additional experience with students in laboratory situations.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 483 (1) MAX Scholar Seminar
This class provides MAX scholars with an opportunity to explore a set of topics related to achieving success in academic, professional and personal realms. Speakers will include faculty, graduate students, visiting researchers and industry members as well as student participants. Students will be required to participate in mentoring of lower division MAX scholarship recipients and provide written and oral presentations of various topics during the semester.
Pre: Recipient of a MAX scholarship or instructor consent.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 485 (4) Biology Teaching Methods and Materials
A basic science methods course designed to prepare prospective junior and senior high life science teachers. Course will cover science teaching methods and support materials as they apply to life science teaching situations.
Pre: 16 credits BIOL
Fall

BIOL 486 (3) Field-Based Teaching Methods and Materials
A lecture/laboratory course that provides opportunity for prospective junior and senior high life science teachers to observe, practice, and rene their teaching skills. Students will work in a school setting and experience actual classroom.
Pre: BIOL 485
ALT-Spring

BIOL 490 (1-4) Workshop
A variable topic course designed for a selected topic in Biology. Workshops provide an intensive learning experience on a new topic in the Biological Sciences and/ or hands-on experiences in a current area not covered by other course offerings. The course involves background reading, demonstrations, and laboratory or eld experiences.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 491 (1-4) In-Service
Fall, Spring

BIOL 492 (1-3) Honors Research
Fall, Spring

BIOL 493 (1-12) Cytotechnology Clinical Internship I
The clinical internship and training includes lectures, demonstrations, laboratory sessions, and clinical practicum in the area of cytotechnology. Instructor permission required.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 494 (1-12) Cytotechnology Clinical Internship II
Continuation of Cytotechnology Clinical Internship I. The clinical internship and training includes lectures, demonstrations, laboratory sessions, and clinical practicum in the area of cytotechnology. Instructor Permission required.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 495 (1-12) Cytotechnology Clinical Internship III
Continuation of Cytotechnology Clinical Internship II. The clinical internship and training includes lectures, demonstrations, laboratory sessions, and clinical practicum in the area of cytotechnology. Instructor Permission required.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 496 (1-12) Cytotechnology Clinical Internship IV
Continuation of Cytotechnology Clinical Internship III. The clinical internship and training includes lectures, demonstrations, laboratory sessions, and clinical practicum in the area of cytotechnology. Instructor Permission required.
Fall, Spring

BIOL 497 (1-12) Internship I
Experience in applied biology according to a prearranged training program for a minimum of ve 40-hour weeks.
Pre: Consent
Fall, Spring

BIOL 498 (1-12) Internship II
Experience in applied biology according to a prearranged training program for a minimum of ive 40 hour weeks. Only four credits can be applied to the major.
Pre: Consent
Fall, Spring

BIOL 499 (1-4) Individual Study
Pre: Consent

 

return to the top of this page.